Is the sentance compound, complex, simple, or compound-complex? Ella Tambussi Grasso of Connecticut was the first woman in the nation's history to be elected a state governor who did not follow...

Is the sentance compound, complex, simple, or compound-complex? 

Ella Tambussi Grasso of Connecticut was the first woman in the nation's history to be elected a state governor who did not follow her husband into office. 

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litteacher8 | High School Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

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This sentence is a complex sentence.  A complex sentence has one independent and one subordinate clause.  Let’s take away the prepositional phrases from this sentence to make it clearer.  Unlike a clause, a phrase cannot be a sentence on its own.  Without the prepositional phrases, we are left with this sentence.

Ella Tambussi Grasso of Connecticut was the first woman to be elected a state governor who did not follow her husband. 

Next, there is still one more phrase.  This is an infinitive phrase.  An infinitive looks like to + verb.  The infinitive phrase is “to be elected a state governor” here.

Ella Tambussi Grasso of Connecticut was the first woman who did not follow her husband. 

Now we are left with only two clauses that you can easily find.  They are in brackets here.

[Ella Tambussi Grasso of Connecticut was the first woman in the nation's history to be elected a state governor] [who did not follow her husband into office.]

The independent clause, the clause that can stand on its own and be a complete sentence on its own, is the first one.   

Ella Tambussi Grasso of Connecticut was the first woman in the nation's history to be elected a state governor.

The second clause is the subordinate clause.  Look at it by itself.

who did not follow her husband into office.

It’s not a question.  If it was, it could be an independent clause.  Instead, the word “who” is connecting it to the other clause.

Sources:

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