Select a significant challenge of this era (1945-1975) and discuss its historical significance.
The years from 1945 to 1974. At the end of World War II, spontaneous celebrantions filled downtown streets across the nations. The war was over. Sons and daughters were coming home. Democracy triumphed over fascism. The Great Depression was a memory. Prosperity was ahead. Igt was time to purchase a home, start a family, and return to work. However, despite the optimism, new concerns were on the horizon.
There are many possible answers to this question. I will look at the challenge of civil rights and the extension of true equality to a number of groups, including African Americans and women.
In 1945, the US had just finished fighting a war that was, in part, a war against a racist dictatorship. The US's founding principles seemed to call for equality for all people, but this was something that had historically been denied to many. In the decades to come, the US was going to face the challenge of living up to its principles, which would not be easy given the strong opposition to the extension of such rights from many segments of society.
This challenge has historical importance going back from 1945 and going forward to the present. It was a challenge of living up to the principles that were laid out in 1776 and again after the Civil War. It is a challenge that continues to face us today as we try to decide things like whether to allow women in combat and whether to extend the right to marry to same sex couples.