Select the gerund phrases in the sentences below and determine the noun function of the gerund. Bob earns his income by repairing cars. She is successful in mimicking others' voices. Writing a...

Select the gerund phrases in the sentences below and determine the noun function of the gerund.

Bob earns his income by repairing cars.

She is successful in mimicking others' voices.

Writing a research paper sounds difficult.

Asked on by lucyball

1 Answer | Add Yours

jjohnson112's profile pic

jjohnson112 | Elementary School Teacher | (Level 3) Adjunct Educator

Posted on

Gerund phrases are phrases that begin with -ing.  The entire gerund phrase includes the -ing word, along with modifiers and objects.  

For example, in the sentence:

Bob earns his income by repairing cars.  Repairing cars is the gerund phrase.  

A gerund phrase always functions as a noun.  So in this case, even though "repairing" is technically a verb, the entire phrase functions as a noun.  

She is successful in mimicking others' voices.

Writing a research paper sounds difficult.

The noun function of the gerund explains how the gerund is functioning as a noun in the sentence.

For example,  

Bob earns his income by repairing cars.  

Repairing cars modifies the preposition "by." The gerund phrase is functioning as the object of a preposition.

She is successful in mimicking others' voices.  

Mimicking others' voices modifies the preposition "in." The gerund phrase is functioning as the object of a preposition.

Writing a research paper sounds difficult.  

Writing a research paper serves as the subject of the sentence, making the noun function the subject.

We’ve answered 318,915 questions. We can answer yours, too.

Ask a question