In section 1 and 52 of Whitman's "Song of Myself", are there examples of metaphors and personifications?

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Whitman believes in the essential unity of all things and sees the role of the poet as being to both embody that unity and articulate it. His two main poetic tools for doing this are metaphor, in which one thing becomes another, and personification, in which the non-human takes on human characteristics.

Section one, in my reading, is pretty declarative. For example, the opening lines “I loaf and invite my soul / And what I assume you shall assume / For every atom belonging to me as good belongs to you” is not metaphorical in any obvious way. In fact, it is an argument: one way of translating it would be, "I am going to talk about the poetic essence of things, and what I feel and think is also what you, dear reader, will think, since we are, in a way, made out of the same stuff, and therefore the same person." There is personification here, though. Whitman personifies his “soul,” which he “invites”; Nature is also personified in the sense that Whitman “permits” it to...

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