In The Secret Life of Bees, how and why does Lily change from the beginning of the story to the end?

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Lily, the main character in The Secret Life of Bees (Kidd), begins the book as a disengaged, troubled, sheltered, and insecure teen. Her quest to solve the mystery of her mother's life takes her on a journey that is inward and outward, so that as the book ends, she has transformed to a person who is happier, wiser, more confident, and more empathetic.

Lily lives in the country, near a small Southern town, and the book begins in 1964 as the Civil Rights Act is about to become signed. Her mother died when Lily was four, and there is some mystery surrounding her death.  Lily's father, T. Ray, while not exactly an evil villain, is not the father of the year, either.  He lacks a mother's touch and sympathy and punishes Lily quite cruelly, by making her kneel on grits for hours. (If you have never done this, I do not advise it. It's like kneeling on crushed glass.)  The only "mother" in Lily's life is Rosaleen, an African-American, who is a kind of housekeeper/nanny who has no children but...

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