Regarding Samuel Johnson's: "To Sir John Lade...," please explain the relationship between the content and form of the poem.
"To Sir John Lade, on His Coming of Age" (‘A Short Song of Congratulation’) by Samuel Johnson
Long-expected one and twenty
Lingering year at last is flown
Pomp and pleasure, pride and plenty
Great Sir John, are all your own.
Loosened from the minor’s tether,
Free to mortgage or to sell,
Wild as wind, and light as feather,
Bid the slaves of thrift farewell.
Call the Bettys, Kates, and Jennys,
Every name that laughs at care,
Lavish of your grandsire’s guineas,
Show the spirit of an heir.
All that prey on vice and folly
Joy to see their quarry fly,
Here the gamester light and jolly,
There the lender grave and sly.
Wealth, Sir John, was made to wander,
Let it wander as it will;
See the jockey, see the pander,
Bid them come, and take their fill.
When the bonny blade carouses,
Pockets full, and spirits high,
What are acres? What are houses?
Only dirt, or wet or dry.
If the guardian or the mother
Tell the woes of wilful waste,
Scorn their counsel and their pother* (=fuss)
You can hang or drown at last.
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Regarding "To Sir John Lade, on His Coming of Age" (‘A Short Song of Congratulation’) by Samuel Johnson, when looking for a connection between form and content, my first inclination is to look at the "sound" of the poem. (Remember, poems were always meant to be read aloud so as to hear the many devices the poet used in the poem's construction.)
Looking to the meter (rhythm) of the poem is the first important element in studying the poem's "sound" because it is so obvious. The meter is...
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