Roosevelt’s New Deal created modern America, both politically and economically. Do you agree or disagree?
I would agree that Roosevelt's New Deal was the beginning of our Modern Day economic system. The New Deal was the beginning of lots of government interaction in the economy of the country. I am not so sure that the New Deal was the beginning of our current political system.
F.D.R.'s New Deal was a massively important step in the creation of modern America, both politically and economically. However, the founding fathers of modern America both politically and economically, were Abraham Lincoln, Thaddeus Stevens, Charles Sumner, Lewis and Arthur Tappan, and others.
An article illustrating this, is:
Current, Richard Nelson. "Love, Hate and Thaddeus Stevens," Arguing with Historians: Essays on the Historical and the Unhistorical (1963), 83-96.
I agree with this statement. The New Deal was the beginning of the political and economic system we have today. The New Deal started us on the road to the system we have now where government and the economy are intertwined and where politics is largely based on what Lowi would call "interest group liberalism."
Before the New Deal, the government kept (mostly) out of the economy. It did not try to do things like building dams or irrigation projects or encouraging farmers to leave their fields fallow. With the New Deal, this changed.
With the New Deal, there also came the idea that governing is about keeping each interest group happy (usually by buying it off). This is not to say that government wasn't worried about keeping various interest groups happy before, but since the New Deal, this has become a much larger part of how government works. We have a system now where economic policy seems to be a process of the government giving various groups what they want in terms of tax breaks and subsidies.