How would one answer the following questions concerning Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet?
5) Romeo's plans, ambitions, and desires are thwarted by all of the following except:
A) Escalus B) Paris C) Benvolio D) Tybalt
6) In act three, after Tybalt's death, Lady Capulet promises to
A) Arrange to have Romeo poisoned, B) Buy Juliet a costly dress for her wedding to Paris, C) Petition the Prince to have Romeo banished from Verona, D) Try to persuade her husband to postpone Juliet's marriage to Paris
7) Although several characters in the play learn, change and develop, the most dramatic developments occur in the character of
A) Paris B) Juliet C) The Nurse D) Friar Lawrence
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In Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet, Prince Escalus thwarts Romeo's plans to be with Juliet by sentencing him to exile after he kills Tybalt in defense of Mercutio. Tybalt himself thwarts Romeo's plans to be with Juliet by challenging Romeo to a duel, which resulted in Tybalt killing Mercutio and Romeo killing Tybalt for revenge. Had Tybalt never felt the need to duel with Romeo, Romeo would never have become guilty of murder and never would have been exiled.
Your two remaining choices--Paris and Benvolio--are actually a bit tricky, and it can be said that both choices have their fair share in thwarting Romeo. However, of the two choices, Paris poses the most significant threat to Romeo's happiness because it is due to Paris's betrothal to Juliet after she and Romeo have already been married that Friar Laurence devises the plan to fake Juliet's death. Had that plan not gone awry and, more importantly, had Friar Laurence never needed to form the plan, both Romeo and Juliet would have remained alive and married.
Benvolio has his fair share of trying to thwart Romeo in the very first scene. More specifically, he tries to dissuade Romeo from continuing to pine for Rosaline, begging him to listen to reason by saying, "Be rul'd by me: forget to think of her" (I.i.227). However, later both Benvolio and Mercutio persuade Romeo to crash the Capulet ball, just so that Romeo can see Rosaline.
Therefore, clearly Benvolio is the best answer choice as the character least guilty of thwarting Romeo.
In act 3, scene 5, Lady Capulet goes into Juliet's room the morning after she and Lord Capulet have arranged for Juliet to marry Paris soon. Lady Capulet begs Juliet to stop crying over Tybalt's death, saying that she is not really crying because Tybalt is dead so much as the fact that the murderer Romeo still lives; she further promises the Capulet family will have its revenge:
I'll send to one in Mantua,
Where that same banish'd runagate doth live,
Shall give him such an unaccustom'd dram,
That he shall soon keep Tybalt company. (91-94)
In this passage, the word "dram" refers to unit of measurement for liquids. Hence, she's saying that she'll have someone who lives in Mantua give Romeo a measurement of liquid that will kill him just as Tybalt lies dead. In other words, she's saying she'll have Romeo poisoned.
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