What is Romeo's mood in Act 1, Scene 1 of Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet and what shows that he is man looking for love?
Romeo's mood in the first scene of Act 1 is extremely depressed and sorrowful due to Rosaline's rejection. In fact, we can say that he is in a state of emotional agony. Part of his agony is due to his youthful hormones. He is a young man with an intense libido and views Rosaline's desire to remain chaste as agonizing.
We see Romeo's mood first revealed when we learn from his father that Romeo has been seen standing and crying under a wood of sycamore trees on the west side of town morning after morning, as we see in Lord Montague's lines:
Many a morning hath he there been seen,
With tears augmenting the fresh morning's dew,
Adding to clouds more clouds with his deep sighs. (I.i.127-129)
The word "augment" can be translated as "increasing," or adding; hence, the phrase "augmenting the fresh morning's dew" means that Romeo is increasing the amount of morning dew on the ground with his tears. We can presume that Romeo is out all night on the same part of town where Rosaline lives and is seen crying due to her rejection, showing us that Romeo's mood is a very sorrowful and depressed one.
We further see that Romeo's mood is a state of agony when he describes love by oxymora that portray love as the opposite of what it should be. Although love should be a happy, wonderful emotion, Romeo sees it as a very painful emotion, as we see in his lines:
O brawling love! O loving hate!
Misshapen chaos of well-seeming forms!
This love feel I, that feel no love in this. (174-181)
The oxymora "brawling love" and "loving hate" portray Romeo's feeling that love is a hateful emotion when it should be a calm, peaceful emotion. Romeo is equating love with fighting and hatred when it should actually be the exact opposite. The phrase "well-seeming forms" can refer to a woman's beauty and shape, while misshapen chaos refers to the chaotic emotions that result in falling in love with a woman who does not return your affections. Finally, in his last line in this passage, Romeo expresses that because his love is not returned, the love he is feeling is a very confusing, painful emotion.
We see that Romeo is particularly equating love with sexual desire when we see Romeo refer to Rosaline's chastity. In fact, it can be said that Romeo only equates love with sexual desire and is only looking for the fulfillment of his sexual desire. We especially see Romeo refer to Rosaline's chastity when he compares her to the Roman goddess Diana, who is known for her chastity, as we see in the lines:
She hath Dian's wit,
And, in strong proof of chastity well arm'd,
From Love's weak childish bow she lives unharm'd. (211-213)
The phrase "[l]ove's weak childish bow" refers to Cupid's arrow, showing us that Romeo is equating falling in love with sexuality; however, Rosaline is refusing to give up her chastity. Hence, we see through this passage that Romeo is equating love with lust and is only looking to fulfill his sexual desire.
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