Discuss Romanticism in Indian literature.

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I think in order to help one answer this question, an understanding of Romanticism is obvious. Once one understands the characteristics of Romanticism, he or she can apply them easily to any text.

First, Romantics loved and appreciated nature. They understood the importance of the organic over the mechanical. Romantics understood the healing aspects of nature and viewed it as holistic and pure. Typically, nature is personified by the Romantic.

Second, the Romantics valued the individual. They did not see true importance in becoming something one was not. They appreciated the idea of one being true to himself or herself. Typically, the Romantic hero was one who understood the power of nature, yet he or she struggled to come to terms with this ideology. The hero's journey was one which put them on a path to appreciating nature.

Another important thing Romantics valued was the imagination. The imagination is what brought about one's personal creative prowess. Romantics understood that "imitation was suicide," to quote Emerson. One must embrace his or her own imagination in order to be true to himself or herself.

By understanding these basic characteristics, one can apply them to any text and readily identify what aspects of the text are Romantic in nature. That said, the Romantic movement was really part of British and American literature. That is not to say that the Romantic period did not influence Indian writers and their texts.

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More detail to the question is needed.  I think that if the question is about Romanticism in Rushdie's "Midnight's Children," there will have to be more clarification in terms of what is being sought.  I would say that there is an overall concern in trying to ascribe one literary movement to an entire national body of literature. Aspects might be present, and this would be where the clarification point would be fairly helpful.  I am not certain that there is much in way of Romanticism in the work, as Rushdie is fairly mindful of deconstructing previous narratives in the establishment of his own.  I would say that Saleem does possess some elements of Romanticism in his belief in the sincerity of his convictions and in his desire to establish the Midnight's Children's conference to bring collectivity to the children of midnight.

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