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“Roman art and culture are late and debased forms of Hellenistic art.” Discuss this statement.  

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We need to begin by defining our terms. "Hellenistic" refers to an era ushered in by the conquests of Alexander of Macedon (336–323 BCE), also known as Alexander the Great. This historical era lasted for about three hundred years, from the conquests of Alexander to the reign of Roman emperor Augustus (27 BCE–14 CE). During this period, Greek, or Hellenic, culture was carried far and wide across many of the territories conquered by Alexander. Romans adopted and assimilated much of that culture. That said, Roman civilization dates back to the 700s BCE, and the origins of Roman art, therefore, predate the Hellenistic period. One can then infer that this question refers only to late Roman art and culture. The very fact that Roman culture predated the Hellenistic period suggests that Roman art could not have just been a derivative of Hellenistic art. Not only was there already a blend of influences on Roman art and culture prior to the Hellenistic period (e.g., native Roman, Etruscan, and...

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