REVIEW QUESTIONS (Chapter 6)
1) Which of the following is an example of an aesthetic object?
a.a beautiful painting
b.a disgusting piece of rotting fruit
c.a sink full of dishes that need to be washed
d.a rock caught in one’s shoe
2) The difference between aesthetics and philosophy of art is
a.aesthetics only deals with artistic creations and philosophy of art deals with anything beautiful.
b.aesthetics only considers natural objects and philosophy of art only deals with created objects.
c.aesthetics deals with all pleasing perceptions and philosophy of art deals with what is the nature of art.
d.aesthetics deals with questions about how to create art and philosophy of art deals with art that has already been created.
3) That which makes an object pleasing to the eye is
4) Philosophy of art focuses on questions such as
a.“what is a beautiful object?”.
b.“what is the nature of art?”.
c.“what makes a person beautiful?”.
d.“how can everyone create art?”.
5) Pragmatism is
a.an idealistic philosophy.
b.a philosophy that grounds theory in lived experience.
c.a philosophy that focuses on abstract concepts.
d.the idea that all art belongs in museums.
6)By experience, Dewey means
b.an encounter with the divine.
c.interaction between a living creature and its environment.
d.any aesthetic experience.
7) “An experience” is different than experience because
a.experience always becomes “an” experience.
b.“an experience” needs an explanation in order to be understood.
c.“an experience” is self-sufficient.
d.experience is self-sufficient.
8) What Dewey means by “the consummating phase of every developing integral experience” is
a.what is most important in “an experience” is the conclusion.
b.what is most important in “an experience” is what leads to the conclusion.
c.that humans are different than animals because we reach conclusions.
d.that part of the satisfaction of a conclusion are the pieces that lead to the conclusion and form “an experience.”
9) An experience” has its own
c.truth from God.
d.meaning in every situation.
10) The connection between the words “artistic” and “esthetic” is
a.neither requires intelligence.
b.both require an understanding of the relationship between what has been done, what comes next, and completion.
c.both are inferior to scientific thought.
d.both distort experience.
11) Esthetic perception is
a.a rare experience.
c.due to the completion and link between the parts of an activity or object.
d.a reflection of a single part of an activity of object.
12) According to Dewey, recognition is
a.a more complex process than perception.
b.the beginning of perception.
c.more difficult to achieve than perception.
d.something that allows us to understand esthetic experience.
13) “Aesthetic relativism” is the idea that
a.aesthetic value is determined by art experts.
b.beauty is an objective quality.
c.everyone enjoys the same kind of art.
d.aesthetic value is determined by taste and not by external standards.
14) “Gendered concepts” are
a.concepts that do not apply to all people, even if they do not refer specifically to males or females.
b.concepts that apply to all people.
c.concepts that refer to males or females.
d.concepts that define masculine and feminine.
15) According to Korsmeyer, “the problem of taste” is the attempt to
a.provide a way to cultivate good taste in individuals.
b.provide an explanation as to why good taste is distributed unevenly and of universal value.
c.understand what qualities in a piece of art make it beautiful.
d.understand why men have better taste in art than women.
16) For Hume, aesthetic judgment should be developed by
a.continual exposure to beautiful and ugly objects.
b.following the example of people whose good judgment is already recognized.
c.studying the qualities that all beautiful things have in common.
d.reading art theory.
17) Hume’s philosophy of art makes the mistake of
a.attributing good taste to a quality in the beautiful object.
b.looking for a set of principles that make up good taste.
c.attributing culturally specific properties to a universal human nature.
d.arguing that all art is good art.
18) Why does Korsmeyer quote the following from Hume, “But when the fair sex, or music, or good cheer, or any thing, that naturally ought to be agreeable, becomes indifferent, it easily produces the opposite affection”?
a.She is demonstrating that in Hume’s philosophy women are indifferent.
b.She is demonstrating that in Hume’s philosophy women are naturally agreeable.
c.She is demonstrating that in Hume’s philosophy women are naturally beautiful.
d.She is demonstrating that in Hume’s philosophy of art, women are treated like an art object.
19) Korsmeyer argues that Hume does not include women in the “body of good critics that constitutes the standard of taste itself” because
a.of the social disparity which would prohibit women from developing good taste.
b.they are not constitutionally capable of appreciating art.
c.men intentionally exclude women from viewing art.
d.women do not like most art.
20) Korsmeyer concludes from Hume’s discussion on marriage that
a.Hume believes that men and women are fully equal.
b.the ideal marriage for Hume is one in which a husband and wife are united in their opinions by the wife adopting her husband’s preferences.
c.Hume supports polygamy and divorce.
d.similar tastes in art between a husband and wife can predict a successful marriage.
21) Wabi is a Japanese word that means
22) Sabi is a Japanese word that means
23) The Japanese tea ceremony embodies wabi and sabi by
a.requiring that the ceremony be performed in complete solitude.
b.cultivating an aesthetic appreciation for tea.
c.an elaborate ceremony.
d.a primitive simplicity and gentle aesthetic.
24) The Zen tea ceremony merges
a.the aristocracy who drank tea for entertainment and Zen monks who drank tea as part of celebrating their faith.
b.the aristocracy who drank tea for entertainment and the poor who drank tea to conserve resources.
c.Zen monks from China and from Japan who both drank teas as part of celebrating their faith.
d.Zen monks who drank tea as part of celebrating their faith and the poor who drank tea to conserve resources.
25) The story of Rikyu and Hideyoshi, in which a single morning glory wet with dew is all that remains of Rikyu’s morning glories, illustrates
b.“sufficiency in restraint.”
d.“calm amid clamor.”
26) Why does a teahouse only have a small square hole through which people enter?
a.The square represents perfection.
b.It is an exercise in humility to prepare for the tea ceremony.
c.It is to keep spirits from entering the teahouse.
d.There is actually a secret door into the teahouse that participants must find.
27) The tea ceremony embodies the “great parable of Zen culture” because it
a.allows participants to focus on how to solve the problems of the world.
b.cultivates an appreciation for Zen gardens.
c.reveals that the material world deprives us of naturalness, simplicity, and self-knowledge.
d.reveals the complexity of the spirit and knowing oneself.
28) “The three faces of Zen” are
a.tranquility in a troubled world, music, and sculpture.
b.music, aesthetics, and painting.
c.physical art, physical development of the boy, and aesthetics.
d.physical art, tranquility in a troubled world, and aesthetics.
29) Sabi and wabi mean that the tea ceremony is centered on
a.the beauty and dignity of old objects and a purging of all aristocratic pretensions.
b.the beauty and dignity of old objects and an aristocratic grace.
c.the beauty of newly created objects and a purging of all aristocratic pretensions.
d.the beauty of newly created objects and aristocratic grace.
30) A group of interrelated attitudes, beliefs, and concepts about what is real, valuable, and important is
a.the subject of art.
d.an aesthetic ideal.
31) Andy Warhol’s Brillo Box led art to “turn to philosophy” because nothing but theory can explain
a.why everything in a supermarket became art.
b.the difference between Warhol’s Brillo Box as art and the Brillo Box in a supermarket.
c.why conceptual art is now the only kind of art that is actually considered art.
d.how Warhol installed his art in unusual places such as supermarkets.
32) According to Danto, “pressing against boundaries” made a “general philosophy of art” possible because
a.artists typically relied on modern art to understand art.
b.there was no longer a distinction between kinds of art.
c.as artists pressed against boundaries, the boundaries fell away.
d.artists were no longer able to support themselves creating art.
33) Danto argues that which of the following is a mark of contemporary art?
a.plurality of intention and realization
b.a liberal political purpose
c.a conservative political purpose
d.establishing boundaries in the art world
34) According to Hicks, which of the following features of performance art is NOT linked to postmodernism?
a.Works are anonymous.
b.Works may be collaborative.
c.Works are permanent and cannot be changed.
d.Works are dependent upon the participation a politicized audience.
35) The art described by Hicks is different than postmodern art because
a.these artists don’t want a large audience to view their work.
b.these artists are pop stars.
c.it gets media coverage and reaches large audiences.
d.it deals with universal themes such as truth and beauty.
36) The art described by Hicks has which goal that is distinct from the goals of postmodern art?
a.Their goal is the creation of universal truth.
b.Their goal is to create a new government.
c.Their goal is to create art that challenges boundaries.
d.Their goal is the transformation of social conditions.
37) The word aesthetics comes from Greek and means “art.”
38) In the Mexican and Chicano art worlds, politics does not play a role in performance art.
39) Dewey believed that genuine art appreciation only happens in museums.
40) Emotion can provide unity and an esthetic character to experience.
41) “Esthetic” refers to experience as appreciative.
42) An artist is successful if he or she completes a project, regardless of whether or not the form of the whole is present in each part of the process of completing a work.
43) Hume believes that anyone can develop good taste.
44) Hume thinks that chastity is a virtue that women should have.
45) Korsmeyer believes that Hume gives an adequate account of gender in his aesthetics.
46) The tea ceremony as practiced today emerged almost instantly in the fifteenth century.
47) The implements used in the tea ceremony are inconsequential for the ceremony.
48) Postmodern art is a style of art that self-consciously moves beyond modernist art.
49) Danto believes it is easier to live in a world without boundaries than with boundaries.
50) The problem of high culture vs. mass culture is the problem of performance vs. entertainment.