Bronte uses the pathetic fallacy in the opening chapter, which assigns human feelings to non-human entities. For example, the northern islands Jane reads about are made "melancholy" or sad by the bad weather there. Further, the weather Jane experiences, looking out the window of the Reed home, is "sombre," windy, and relentlessly rainy, reflecting the emotionally dark and desolate conditions in which Jane lives with her aunt and cousins. The violence of the weather, such as the winds and pelting rains, also reflect the howling storm of fear and rage rising in Jane's soul.
The rain and wind on a November day function more prosaically as a plot device, explaining why all the children are indoors. Jane writes:
I was glad of it: I never liked long walks, especially on chilly afternoons: dreadful to me was the coming home in the raw twilight, with nipped fingers and toes
The bleak weather is Gothic: the dark and rainy day becomes a dark and rainy night, setting the scene for what will soon, at...
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