One good place to start on your research paper is developing a strong working thesis. A good thesis statement offers insight or an assertion about your main idea and has three or more supporting subpoints.
Since you did not include many particulars about the scope or requirements of the research paper, I am going to suggest a possible avenue of research that would be both literary and historical in nature.
Consider researching the literary works of Nadine Gordimer. A critically acclaimed author from South Africa and a Nobel Prize winner in 1991, Nadine Gordimer writes of the harsh realities of apartheid. I highly recommend looking at "Once Upon a Time" from the collection Jump: And Other Stories. This story is written as an almost reverse fairytale, concerning her views on apartheid in South Africa.