What are the religious views of Herman Melville in Moby Dick?

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Long a motif in American literature, innocence with the term "American Adam" emerged from the writings of Emerson, Thoreau, Hawthorne, Melville,and even Poe. Stepping onto the shores of America, Puritans perceived the new land as a metaphoric Eden from which they could be freed from the corruptions of the old European societies to regain the innocence of Adam. In his Letters from an American Farmer, immigrant Michel Guillanume Jean de Crevècoeur writes of the industrious and ingenuous new American who shares his freedom with all others. In another publication, Crevecoeur interestingly notes the prosperity of those who live in the small community of Nantucket, which, he contended, in Europe would have been impoverished because of taxes and the corruption of government officials. Instead, 

As fellow Christians ... they love and mutually assist each other in all their wants...the islanders prospered because everyone expected morality, temperance, and labor and all could keep the full...

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