Discuss the relationship between formalism and structuralism.  It is said that formalism contributed to the development of structuralism and structuralism is an extension of formalism. Please help me in writing an assignment in it tracing out all the dimensions of these two literary theories' relationship.

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Formalism, as developed in Russia by Vladmir Propp, Victor Shklovsky, and Roman Jakobson, among others, sought to understand art (or the text) as the sum of the artistic devices used by the artist to create it. In this sense, the Formalists saw meaning as dependent on the "formal" characteristics of the text itself  (plot, rhyme scheme, diction, genre, and so on) rather than any historical or psychological properties it might have. In this way, Formalists tried to distinguish the study of literature as a separate scientific discipline.

Structuralism, as developed by Claude Levi Strauss and Roland Barthes, builds on Formalism in that it also is concerned with the aesthetic or literary features of the text, but goes beyond Formalism to consider the application of those features across many texts or genres of art. Where Formalists carefully scrutinized the text to describe its "literary facts," or those features that separate literary discourse from everyday speech, Structuralists sought...

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