Reflect on your nursing experience.  How do you think that theory has guided your practice? How have you applied theory/ Nursing theory?  If you don't think you have applied theory, why not?...

Reflect on your nursing experience.  How do you think that theory has guided your practice? How have you applied theory/ Nursing theory?  If you don't think you have applied theory, why not? Elaborate.

Please follow APA guidelines with citations and references.  Must use a minimum of two references.

Expert Answers
jameadows eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Depending on what you have studied, theory might guide your practice. For example, Madeleine Leininger's theory of Transcultural Nursing states that nursing should provide care that is consistent with the patient's cultural values. According to Maier-Lorentz (2008), transcultural nursing is vital in the U.S. today, given the increasingly diverse American population. A nurse's cultural competency increases the likelihood of positive outcomes, according to Maier-Lorentz. A nurse has to understand how a patient's culture affects his or her behavior or perceptions. For example, in many cultures, it is considered rude to look someone in the eye; therefore, if a patient under your care isn't looking you in the eye, it may be because the patient considers that behavior rude. In addition, you as a nurse might want to avoid this behavior. In these situations, the theory of transcultural nursing might guide your practice. 

Another theory of nursing that might have guided your practice is Virginia Henderson's Need Theory, which states that a nurse should help promote a patient's independence so that the patient can eventually care for him or herself after hospitalization. Your practice might have been guided by this theory if you help patients learn to carry out independent behaviors, such as feeding or dressing themselves, so that they can do these activities on their own after they have been discharged from the hospital. 

Sources:

Burggraf, V. (January 31, 2012). Overview and summary: The new millennium: Evolving and emerging nursing roles. OJIN: The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing, Vol. 17, No. 2, Overview and Summary. DOI: 10.3912/OJIN.Vol17No02ManOS

Leininger, M. (1978). Transcultural nursing: Concepts, theories, and practices. New York: John Wiley.

Maier-Lorentz, M.M. (2008). Transcultural nursing: its importance in nursing practice. J Cult Divers, Spring 2008 (15: 1), 37-43.