Explain the mystery that Jabez Wilson wants Sherlock Holmes to solve.    

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William Delaney eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Jabez Wilson is upset because he has just received notice that the Red-Headed League has been disbanded. He was being employed there because his exceptionally brilliant red hair supposedly made him the ideal candidate for membership in what was represented as a sort of fraternal organization founded by a wealthy man for the purpose of benefiting red-headed men. Wilson was getting generously paid for simply copying articles from the Encyclopedia Britannica. He is apparently hoping that Sherlock Holmes could find out why the League had been disbanded without advance notice and whether it might reopen again, or whether it has moved to a different location. He hates losing that easy income for such simple work. Holmes was sufficiently interested in this seemingly trivial case to go around with Watson to take a look at the shop. He realizes that Wilson's employee is tunneling into a bank vault and was using the Red-Headed League to get Wilson out of the way while he worked on his tunnel. The fact that the League has been disbanded tells Holmes that the burglars are ready to break into the vault. This story is one of Doyle's most popular Sherlock Holmes tales, although it is hard to believe that Wilson would bring his problem to Sherlock Holmes and hard to understand what Wilson thought could be done to help him recover his cushy job.