In 1895, Great Britain took over and claimed the eastern lands of Africa as far as Lake Naivasha and set up the East Africa Protectorate. Britain extended the protectorate to include Uganda in 1902. Finally in 1920, Kenya became a crown colony.
Most of the land in the colony was highly valued for farming, drawing in immigrants who would create vast coffee plantations using native labor. Even though the Kenya and Uganda areas did not have very many mineral resources like gold or diamonds, the fertile land was incredibly valuable for farming.