Reason for the migration of the indigenous people to the Caribbean and the subsequent impact of the Spanish and English settlement.

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Because they did not have a written language, we cannot really know why the indigenous peoples of the Caribbean (like the Taino and the Caribs) migrated from the mainland of South America to the islands where they lived when the Europeans came.

The impact of European settlement is much more...

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Because they did not have a written language, we cannot really know why the indigenous peoples of the Caribbean (like the Taino and the Caribs) migrated from the mainland of South America to the islands where they lived when the Europeans came.

The impact of European settlement is much more clear.  It caused the near-extermination of the indigenous population.  The native population was decreased by European diseases, by war with the Europeans, by abuse of natives by the Europeans and by psychological trauma caused by the death and by suddenly being dominated by an unfamiliar group of people.  Different historians have different attitudes as to which of these caused how much of the damage, but these are the causes of population decline that are most often cited.

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