Reapportionment, as ruled on by the Warren Court, is _____?
A. the requirement to separate but equal facilities for schools.
B. the process courts must follow when trying cases to treat individuals fairly.
c. the way in which political districts were drawn based on population changes.
d. the separation of church and state in public schools
The only possible answer to this question is C. Reapportionment (at all times, not just with regard to the Warren Court) is the process of redrawing the lines of political districts in response to the changing population. The Warren Court ordered that the states had to do redistricting in such a way that their districts came to have relatively similar numbers of people in them.
State legislators are generally elected from defined districts within a state. So are members of the US House of Representatives. Up until the Warren Court, states could draw those lines however they wanted. They often drew them on county boundaries. This led to situations where counties with very small populations might have just as many representatives as counties with very large populations.
During the Warren era, the Supreme Court decided that this was unconstitutional. They decided that districts had to have similar numbers of people so that the principle of “one person, one vote” would be adhered to.
Therefore, C is the correct answer to this question.