Rationalists think synthetic claims can be justified by employing a priorireasoning. For example, Descartes thinks God is no deceiver. What is the distinction between rationalism and empiricism using...

Rationalists think synthetic claims can be justified by employing a priori reasoning. For example, Descartes thinks God is no deceiver. What is the distinction between rationalism and empiricism using the apparatus of the following distinctions to locate the dispute between them?

  • A priori vs. a posteriori claims
  • Analytic vs. synthetic claims
  • Necessary vs. contingent claims

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Rationalism is a school of thought in Western philosophy which distinguishes between empirical knowledge and knowledge attained through reason. Knowledge that is attained solely through reason is a priori knowledge, as it is prior to one’s own experiences. A posteriori knowledge, meanwhile, is knowledge derived from one’s own experiences.

Empiricism is a school of thought in Western philosophy which rejects the distinction between a priori and a posteriori knowledge and...

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