Science Questions and Answers

Start Your Free Trial

Rate of rxn increases by a factor of 2.3 when the concentration of reactant increases by a factor of 1.5. What is the order of the rxn with respect to this reactant?

Expert Answers info

ncchemist eNotes educator | Certified Educator

calendarEducator since 2010

write1,405 answers

starTop subjects are Science, Math, and Social Sciences

The rate of a chemical reaction is directly proportional to the concentration of the reactants raised to a particular exponential power.  The value of the exponent is referred to as the order of the reaction with respect to a particular reactant.  When the concentration of a particular reactant is changed, the rate of the reaction will change according to the exponent.  So if you change the reactant by a factor of 1.5 and the rate changes by a factor of 2.3, the exponent is not 1 because these changes are not the same.  If you square the number 1.5 you get 2.25 which rounds to 2.3.  So the exponent for this particular reactant in the rate equation is 2.  This makes the reaction second order with respect to this reactant.

check Approved by eNotes Editorial