Question from Composed upon Westminster Bridge 1.Explain the personification in line 12-14? 2.Explain the metaphor in the last two lines?

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Wordsworth always felt much more at home in the countryside than in the city. Yet one golden morning, as he was crossing Westminster Bridge in London, he was struck by the extraordinary beauty around him, which inspired him to take up his quill pen and start writing.

It's still early morning in London and the city hasn't quite woken up yet. In the absence of any life, there's a quiet, majestic glory about the place, a characteristic one would normally associate with the natural world. Yet, even as the city sleeps, it still has a life of its own. This epitomizes the attitude of the Romantics, in general, and Wordsworth, in particular, towards nature—seen as a living entity in its own right. Wordsworth extends that attitude towards the sleeping city.

Before the tugboats start sailing on the Thames, "the river glideth at his own sweet will." In other words, before the people of London have woken up, nature is already active and awake. Yet the city, like nature, has a life of its own, its own heart, so to speak. Wordsworth senses it, beating away quietly but insistently beneath every roof, every dome, and every chimney-pot.

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In the poem 'Composed Upon Westminster Bridge' William Wordsworth uses personification to depict the city, the river and the business heart of the city.

The line 'the river glideth at his own sweet will' refers to the autonomy that Nature has - always used by, but still more powerful than, man. Yes London is big, powerful and man-made but it can only use the river, not control it nor divert it, nor make it flow faster or slower. He may have been comparing, thinking back and reminiscing about his own Lakeland mountainous river 'The Derwent' which hurried and babbled its way past his childhood home. This river could be a life-threatening dangerous torrent (as has been the case this mionth in th UK where it has taken lives, including that of a police officer in the floods.)

The River Thames glides by because it chooses to, not because it is under London's control. Yes, we have the multi-million pound Thames Barrier in case of flooding nowadays, but the jury is out on whether that will be any match for a global warming tsunami coming up the Thames estuary or the Thames in a climate change spate. Wordsworth was always aware of the terrible force of danger that lay behind the beauty of Nature - how right he was.

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