Please answer the following questions about the sociology of work.
Participating in this course, The Sociology of Work, is a form of:
none of the above
Which of the following is NOT noted by the textbook as a way to improve the fit between work and family?
postponing marriage until after a key job promotion
change in opportunity structures
delaying the arrival of children to avoid the income squeeze
refusing to accept job transfers
raising the minimum wage
According to Glynn, cited in Sweet and Meiskins, about 10% of the population of the United States is foreign born. How does this compare with the proportion of the world's population which has migrated from the county of its birth.
The United States is about equally accepting of immigrants as other nations.
The United States is more accepting of immigrants than most nations.
The United States is less ethnically diverse than most nations.
The United States is less accepting of immigrants than most nations.
Health savings and other market based plans shift risk from __________ to __________.
Which statistics is a poor measure of income inequality?
Mass-production workers used sit-down strikes as means of resistance. They could not withhold their labor because:
family members employed by the same company would be fired.
they were considered easily replaceable.
they were not unionized yet
strikes were illegal
their wage was too cheap to stop working
Worker sabotage is generally a result of:
lower than average pay
too much management control
lack of management control
Power holders structuring opportunities in in a biased manner which employees may find difficult to detect is called:
a hostile work environment
Juan's father came from Mexico to the United States as a teen age day laborer. He joined the Marines during the Vietnam War, earned his high school diploma and eventually became a U.S. citizen. After his discharge he went to Queens College where he received free tuition by promising to become a high school teacher. While teaching he earned a master's degree and retired as the principal of a Vocational-Technical High School. This is an example of:
an urban myth
The primary buffer against job loss for American workers is:
one-stop job centers
Studies of Eastern Europe under communism indicate that:
Marx was correct in associating alienation with capitalism.
workers in socialist countres do not experience alienation.
workers in the former socialist countries experienced role conflict, but not alienation.
the organization of work affects alienation more than the economic system does.
only women workers experienced alienation in the former socialist countries.
Typically, a homemaker is called "displaced" following:
her husband's unemployment
her own illness
her children leaving for college or work
her husband's retirement
Figure 3.11. in Sweet and Meiskins indicates that the United States provides provides about __________ weeks of __________ Family and Medical leave.
Exhibit 5.1 in Sweet and Meiksins confirms that the United States has a system in which access to job security and benefits is heavily dependent on what kind of job workers have and for whom they work. This is called an entitlement system.
According to Exhibit 4.7 of Sweet and Meiksins, the greatest percentage of illegal workers are found in which secton of the economy?
In recent years, workers have been reluctant to strike because:
federal judges are not sympathetic to labor legislation.
high unemployment has given management the advantage in strikes.
they find worker participation programs more effective.
the can't afford to miss a day's pay.
they are basically satisfied with their jobs.
Sociologists have suggested that the following are significant job characteristics in promoting healthy mental functioning among workers.
diversity, security, autonomy
complexity, diversity, security
security, complexity, flexibility
autonomy, complexity, diversity
Which of the following occupations would likely be most alienating?
Affirmative action has been of only limited help to people at the bottom of the class structure.
For all quintiles, at least _________ percent of people were born within one quintile of their adult position.
One advantage of affirmative action is that it provides a defense against illegal discrimination:
Comparing exhibits 4.4 and 4.6 of Sweet and Meiskins, which ethnic group is most likely to overcome poverty and graduate from college?
One of the reasons why jobs are insecure in the new economy is that there is a growing acceptance that jobs should be insecure.
Unions in the United States exert political power through all EXCEPT one of the following: Which is the exception?
developing their own political party.
lobbying for legislation favorable to workers
encouraging workers to vote.
using union resources in political campaigns.
The dual labor market has been carried over from the old economy to the new economy. What has changed however is the degree to which:
the appearance of an underclass as barriers to social mobility limit opportunities for career success.
a college degree has become the hinge to career success.
the role of race and ethnicity as a deteminer of career success.
the role of family and culture as a determinant of career success.
First of all, please note that we cannot answer all of the questions on a whole assignment like this on this site. Therefore, I will pick a few of these questions and explain the answers to you.
First, let us look at #5. The correct answer there is that the mean is a poor measure of income inequality. The reason for this is that the mean only tells us what the average of all incomes is. It does not tell us whether the incomes are widely dispersed or closely clustered around the mean. For example, let us imagine that we have a hypothetical economy of only two people. One makes $100,000 per year and the other makes $10,000. Now imagine another hypothetical in which one person makes $60,000 per year and the other makes $50,000. In both cases, the mean is $55,000 even though there is a tremendous difference in income inequality. This is why the mean is a poor measure of inequality.
Now let us look at #9. The answer here depends on who “he” is in this question. If “he” is Juan’s father, it is an example of intragenerational mobility. This is because “intra” means “within.” Intragenerational mobility is when you have a person who is born poor (for example) and who rises to the middle or upper class. If “he” is Juan, then this is intergenerational mobility. This is because “inter” means “between.” Intergenerational mobility is when the parents are born poor but their kids achieve a better standard of living. Reading the question, I think that Juan’s father is “he,” but I am not completely sure. Perhaps you can ask your instructor how they mean the question.
Finally, let us look at #18. Alienation, in this context, is when you feel that your job is not rewarding. Marx says that work and joy should go together. If they do not, you are alienated from your work. Of the choices given, assembly line worker is the most likely to be alienating. It is the one where you have the least freedom and independence and the least ability to do things the way you want to. It is the one that is least likely to bring joy to most people.