Please answer the following questions about the sociology of work. QUESTION 1   Participating in this course, The Sociology of Work, is a form of: Answer formal socialization informal...

Please answer the following questions about the sociology of work.

QUESTION 1

  1.  

Participating in this course, The Sociology of Work, is a form of:

Answer

formal socialization

informal socialization

on-the-job socialization

none of the above

1 points   

QUESTION 2

  1.  

Which of the following is NOT noted by the textbook as a way to improve the fit between work and family?

Answer

postponing marriage until after a key job promotion

change in opportunity structures

delaying the arrival of children to avoid the income squeeze

refusing to accept job transfers

raising the minimum wage

1 points   

QUESTION 3

  1.  

According to Glynn, cited in Sweet and Meiskins, about 10% of the population of the United States is foreign born.  How does this compare with the proportion of the world's population which has migrated from the county of its birth.  

Answer

The United States is about equally accepting of immigrants as other nations.

The United States is more accepting of immigrants than most nations.

The United States is less ethnically diverse than most nations.

The United States is less accepting of immigrants than most nations.

1 points   

QUESTION 4

  1.  

Health savings and other market based plans shift risk from __________ to __________.

Answer

government, employers

employers, workers

workers, employers

workers, government

1 points   

QUESTION 5

  1.  

 Which statistics is a poor measure of income inequality?

Answer

  mean

  median

  standard deviation

interquartile range     

1 points   

QUESTION 6

  1.  

Mass-production workers used sit-down strikes as means of resistance. They could not withhold their labor because:

Answer

family members employed by the same company would be fired.

they were considered easily replaceable.

they were not unionized yet

strikes were illegal

their wage was too cheap to stop working

1 points   

QUESTION 7

  1.  

Worker sabotage is generally a result of:

Answer

lower than average pay

passive resistance

too much management control

outside agitation

lack of management control

1 points   

QUESTION 8

  1.  

Power holders structuring opportunities in in a biased manner which employees may find difficult to detect is called:

Answer

a hostile work environment

covert discrimination

overt discrimination

hostile discrimination

benevolent discrimination

1 points   

QUESTION 9

  1.  

Juan's father came from Mexico to the United States as a teen age day laborer.  He joined the Marines during the Vietnam War, earned his high school diploma and eventually became a U.S. citizen.  After his discharge he went to Queens College where he received free tuition by promising to become a high school teacher.  While teaching he earned a master's degree and retired as the principal of a Vocational-Technical High School.  This is an example of:

Answer

intragenerational mobility

intergenerational mobility

affirmative action

an urban myth

1 points   

QUESTION 10

  1.  

The primary buffer against job loss for American workers is:

Answer

unemployment insurance

social security

one-stop job centers

medicaid

1 points   

QUESTION 11

  1.  

Studies of Eastern Europe under communism indicate that:

Answer

Marx was correct in associating alienation with capitalism.

workers in socialist countres do not experience alienation.

workers in the former socialist countries experienced role conflict, but not alienation.

the organization of work affects alienation more than the economic system does.

only women workers experienced alienation in the former socialist countries.

1 points   

QUESTION 12

  1.  

Typically, a homemaker is called "displaced" following:

Answer

her husband's unemployment

her own illness

her children leaving for college or work

her husband's retirement

a divorce

1 points   

QUESTION 13

  1.  

Figure 3.11. in Sweet and Meiskins indicates that the United States provides provides about __________ weeks of __________ Family and Medical leave.

Answer

12, unpaid

10, unpaid

10, paid

12, paid

1 points   

QUESTION 14

  1.  

Exhibit 5.1 in Sweet and Meiksins confirms that the United States has a system in which access to job security and benefits is heavily dependent on what kind of job workers have and for whom they work. This is called an entitlement system.

Answer

 True

 False

1 points   

QUESTION 15

  1.  

According to Exhibit 4.7 of Sweet and Meiksins, the greatest percentage of illegal workers are found in which secton of the economy?

Answer

services (quarternary)

processing (secondary)

extraction (primary)

transportation (tertiary)

1 points   

QUESTION 16

  1.  

In recent years, workers have been reluctant to strike because:

Answer

federal judges are not sympathetic to labor legislation.

high unemployment has given management the advantage in strikes.

they find worker participation programs more effective.

the can't afford to miss a day's pay.

they are basically satisfied with their jobs.

1 points   

QUESTION 17

  1.  

Sociologists have suggested that the following are significant job characteristics in promoting healthy mental functioning among workers.

Answer

diversity, security, autonomy

complexity, diversity, security

security, complexity, flexibility

autonomy, complexity, diversity

1 points   

QUESTION 18

  1.  

Which of the following occupations would likely be most alienating?

Answer

medical doctor

accountant

farmer

carpenter

assembly-line worker

1 points   

QUESTION 19

  1.  

Affirmative action has been of only limited help to people at the bottom of the class structure.

Answer

 True

 False

1 points   

QUESTION 20

  1.  

For all quintiles, at least _________ percent of people were born within one quintile of their adult position.

Answer

50

75

85

90

1 points   

QUESTION 21

  1.  

One advantage of affirmative action is that it provides a defense against illegal discrimination:

Answer

 True

 False

1 points   

QUESTION 22

  1.  

Comparing exhibits 4.4 and 4.6 of Sweet and Meiskins, which ethnic group is most likely to overcome poverty and graduate from college?

Answer

Asian

White

Black

Hispanic

1 points   

QUESTION 23

  1.  

One of the reasons why jobs are insecure in the new economy is that there is a growing acceptance that jobs should be insecure.

Answer

 True

 False

1 points   

QUESTION 24

  1.  

Unions in the United States exert political power through all EXCEPT one of the following: Which is the exception?

Answer

developing their own political party.

lobbying for legislation favorable to workers

encouraging workers to vote.

using union resources in political campaigns.

registering voters.

1 points   

QUESTION 25

  1.  

The dual labor market has been carried over from the old economy to the new economy.  What has changed however is the degree to which:

Answer

the appearance of an underclass as barriers to social mobility limit opportunities for career success.

a college degree has become the hinge to career success.

the role of race and ethnicity as a deteminer of career success.

the role of family and culture as a determinant of career success.

Asked on by ekaterina1

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pohnpei397 | College Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

Posted on

First of all, please note that we cannot answer all of the questions on a whole assignment like this on this site.  Therefore, I will pick a few of these questions and explain the answers to you.

First, let us look at #5.  The correct answer there is that the mean is a poor measure of income inequality.  The reason for this is that the mean only tells us what the average of all incomes is.  It does not tell us whether the incomes are widely dispersed or closely clustered around the mean.  For example, let us imagine that we have a hypothetical economy of only two people.  One makes $100,000 per year and the other makes $10,000.  Now imagine another hypothetical in which one person makes $60,000 per year and the other makes $50,000.  In both cases, the mean is $55,000 even though there is a tremendous difference in income inequality.  This is why the mean is a poor measure of inequality.

Now let us look at #9.  The answer here depends on who “he” is in this question.  If “he” is Juan’s father, it is an example of intragenerational mobility.  This is because “intra” means “within.”  Intragenerational mobility is when you have a person who is born poor (for example) and who rises to the middle or upper class.  If “he” is Juan, then this is intergenerational mobility.  This is because “inter” means “between.”  Intergenerational mobility is when the parents are born poor but their kids achieve a better standard of living.  Reading the question, I think that Juan’s father is “he,” but I am not completely sure.  Perhaps you can ask your instructor how they mean the question.

Finally, let us look at #18.  Alienation, in this context, is when you feel that your job is not rewarding.  Marx says that work and joy should go together.  If they do not, you are alienated from your work.  Of the choices given, assembly line worker is the most likely to be alienating.  It is the one where you have the least freedom and independence and the least ability to do things the way you want to.  It is the one that is least likely to bring joy to most people.

Sources:

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