The figure is below.

The theorem of momentum variation applied to mass on the table says:

`F =(Delta(P))/(Delta(t)) = (m(v_2-v_1))/t`

where `v_2` is the final speed and `v_1` the initial speed of the mass `m`

For the pulley the theorem of angular momentum variation says:

`M =(Delta(L))/(Delta(t)) =(I*omega_2)/t`

where `M=(-F)*r`

(here the minus sign shows the force on the pulley is opposing to the force on the mass on the table)

Therefore we have two equations:

`(-F)*r =(I*omega_2)/t`

`F = (m(v_2-v_1))/t`

and we obtain

`m(v_1-v_2)*r =I*omega_2` (1)

Now we can write for the angular acceleration of the pulley and its momentum of inertia (the pulley is considered a solid cylinder)

`omega_2 =v_2/r` and `I =(m*r^2)/2`

Replacing these two relations in (1) we get

`m(v_1-v_2)*r =(m*r^2)/2*v_2/r`

`2(v_1-v_2) =v_2`

`2v_1 =3v_2`

`v_2 =(2/3)*v_1 =2/3*5 =10/3 =3.33 m/s`

The velocity of the mass on the table when the string is taut will be `v_2 =10/3 m/s`.

**The correct answer is D) 10/3**

## See eNotes Ad-Free

Start your **48-hour free trial** to get access to more than 30,000 additional guides and more than 350,000 Homework Help questions answered by our experts.

Already a member? Log in here.