The Massachusetts Bay Company moved their entire operation from England to Massachusetts as a religious experiment designed to free them from religious persecution by the corrupt Anglican Church. They were also facing economic depression. Conditions were rapidly deteriorating, and many Puritans were unfairly jailed for their practices. The company had already received a royal charter to form a colony in 1629. Wealthy attorney John Winthrop and several other stakeholders felt that there was not a future for Puritans in England. Therefore, he changed a business venture into an opportunity to create a safe haven for Puritans in New England. Others followed, and they set sail in March of 1630. The new colony was to become an example of Christian love for all the world. The idea of wealth and freedom to worship enticed many Puritans. The colony continued to grow as conditions in England grew worse. A result of this venture was the Great Migration. The Great Migration resulted in major growth for the colony. In 1643, approximately 20,000 men, women, and children had left England for the New World.
Appelby, Joyce, Ph.D, Brinkley, Alan, Ph.D, Broussard, Albert S, Ph.D, Mcpherson, James M, Ph.D, Ritchie, Donald A, Ph.d. (2003). The American Vision. Glencoe-McGraw Hill, New York, New York, Columbus, Ohio, Chicago, Illinois, Peoria, Illinois, Woodland Hills, California.