Pure water is composed entirely of water molecules. A sample that is composed of only one substance is called a pure substance.
Mixtures contain two or more different types of substances. The terms homogeneous and heterogeneous are usually used to describe how the substances in a mixture are arranged:
- Homogeneous Mixture: In a homogeneous mixture, substances are evenly mixed throughout the mixture. Every sample taken from a homogeneous mixture will contain the same substances. Example: salt water.
- Heterogeneous Mixture: In a heterogeneous mixture, substances are unevenly mixed. Samples taken from different parts of the mixture may contain different substances. Example: oil and water.
- Pure Water is a pure substance. It contains only water molecules. The terms homogeneous and heterogeneous are not usually used to describe pure substances.
- A mixture of water and salt is an example of a homogeneous mixture because the salt is evenly mixed throughout the water.
- A mixture of water and oil is an example of a heterogeneous mixture because the water and oil separate into two separate layers and are not evenly mixed.