I cannot provide you with specific peer-reviewed sources, but the internet provides many such lists. One can be found at https://libguides.du.edu/c.php?g=373436&p=2748039, a credible source from the University of Denver. However, your best route to finding peer-reviewed articles is probably to do a JSTOR search (JSTOR is open access right now). To make sure an article you have chosen is peer reviewed, you can google the publication in which it appears. Since "peer-reviewed" is the gold standard, the periodical will quickly tell you if it is.
Your question is very broad, and you may want to break it down and resubmit more specific queries. As for the broader issues of origins of Judaism and ancient religious issues, you might want to focus on the evolution of Judaism away from henotheism towards monotheism. Religious scholars generally believe that Judaism, like other nearby religions in the Middle East, was originally a form of henotheism, meaning that different groups of Israelis or Hebrews worshipped their own god based on the area in which they lived. Henotheism asserts that a specific god protects a geographic area, and that god must be worshipped and obeyed in that particular area. This is roughly similar to different US states having different laws and authorities, so that you wouldn't follow, say, Illinois laws in Indiana. Vestiges of this henotheism can be found in local shrine worship and show up in certain strands of the Pentateuch, the first five books of the Hebrew Bible. Later, Judaism became centered around centralized monotheistic worship in the Jerusalem temple. Much scholarly work has been done on this evolution and the priestly debates about it.