Provide a comprehensive discussion of five ways in which English adds to its word stock. 

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The traditional and most common linguistic means by which English adds to its word stock are: (1) loan word borrowings, (2) compounding and blending of morphemes, (3) combined words from combining forms, (4) derivatives from affixations, (5) word class mobility and back-formations. A sixth means is the creation of neologisms, often contributed by children and youth, as seen today in street sports and text messaging today, or contributed by adults in special business niches, like advertising, or as slang.

Loan words are borrowed from other languages and cultures, like the standard "panache" or the newer "homie." Immigration of large groups of people from one ethnicity introduces loan words through assimilation. 

Compounding of words occurs when words are so often used as collocations in a specific context that they come to have a specialized definition for that context, such as "on line: online" and "Web site: website." blending is similar but uses parts of words as representative parts in new words, such as the "e" in "electronic mail" that blended to become "e-mail," which then compounded to become "email."

Combined words from combining forms are often used in science and medicine. One or more Greek or Latin combining forms, like the Latin "homo-", are used to form new combined words, like "electromagnetic" or "biomagnetic" formed with the New Latin < Greek combining form "electro-" and with the Greek combining form "bio-".

Derivatives are formed by the affixation of suffixes and or prefixes. Very often, derivation of a words creates a word class change for the word undergoing affixation, such as when noun-forming -tion is affixed to a verb to create a noun, like "relation" from relate + -tion.

Words can also undergo word class mobility through usage, such as when the noun "text" came to be used in common parlance as a verb as in "Did you text him?" Back formation of words can also cause word class mobility as in the back-formation of the verb "to babysit" from the original compound noun "babysitter."

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The addition of words to the English lexicon has presented itself through pragmatic use.  This system provides "rules to guide culture-based, appropriate use of language in communication."  The aspect of "culture- based" usage can be seen with the explosion of technology.  This is one way in which English has added to its word stock.  The proliferation of technology and the language associated with it has assembled more to the English word stock.  Words like "selfie," "MOOC," and "Bitcoin are ways in which technology use has added to the English word stock.  This pragmatic use has met the standard of culture- based appropriation of language because of social dependence on technology.

The pragmatic embrace of culture-based...

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