- Provide a brief description of the two health indicators in United States, citing specific sources.
- Explain how the U.S. ranks on these indicators compared to other nations.
- Explain two factors that might influence those rankings and the relative standing of the U.S. compared to the other nations.
- Determine which two states rank the best and which two states rank the worst for those indicators. Describe factors you believe might contribute to those relative rankings among the states.
- Share any insights you gained or conclusions you drew as a result of making these comparisons.
- Brief explanation of why theory is important in the practice of public health. Then explain two ways you will incorporate theory into Harmful use of alcohol campaign and why.
- Two health indicators in the United States are
1. Obesity - A person having a BMI (Body Mass Index), which is correlated to the amount of body fat on a person, higher than 30 is considered obese.
- Out of 34 major countries, the U.S. ranks 26 in obesity.
Americans are by far the fattest, with an obesity rate of 36.5 percent in 2011, compared to 32.4 percent in Mexico, 25.4 percent in Canada, 4.3 percent in Switzerland and 2.1 percent in India.
- Contributing factors to obesity are the consumption of fast foods, overeating,lack of physical activity
- States that rank the worst for obesity are Mississippi and West Virginia. The diet of these people involves many fried foods and also other foods that have starches and fat. Also, many people lead sedentary lives in Mississippi, for one thing. Those that have the lowest incidences of obesity are Colorado, Massachusetts. People there exercise often and are conscious of their diets.
2. Cancer - Cancer is a group of diseases which involve abnormal cell growth; this abnormality can spread to other body parts.
- The U.S. has the 7th highest incidences of cancer in the world.
- Contributing factors to cancer may be obesity, lack of exercise, and a higher consumption of alcohol and red meat than other countries.
- 2 states with the highest reported cancer cases are California and Florida. These states have large populations, so there are more chances for cancer; also there is much air pollution in California and Florida has many retirees. States that have lower incidences of cancer are Rhode Island and Washington, D.C. as they are the least populated. See the following link for a breakdown in states by percentage
- Theory is an attempt to make meaning of a situation and give direction to finding solutions to a problem. In the practice of public health, theory serves to give direction to finding ways to improve human conditions. A theory can be arrived at, then it can be put into practice, and results then documented. From this documentation further theories and practice can move health practices closer to desired results.
- Regarding a harmful use of alcohol campaign, it is recognized that such use is a causal factor in more than 200 injuries and diseases. "In 2012, 5.1% of the global disease burden was due to the harmful use of alcohol." Therefore, research such as that from reports from the World Health Organization could be examined on this "disease burden" and theories on how to prevent such abuse through educations, promotions, seminars, etc.