Prove the identity (3secx+3cosx)(3secx-3cosx)=9(tan^2x+sin^2x).

2 Answers | Add Yours

justaguide's profile pic

justaguide | College Teacher | (Level 2) Distinguished Educator

Posted on

We have to prove that (3 sec x+3 cos x)(3 sec x - 3 cos x) = 9[(tan x)^2 + (sin x)^2]

(3 sec x+3 cos x)(3 sec x - 3 cos x)

=> 9[ (1/cos x) + cos x][ (1/cos x) - cos x]

=> 9[ (1/cos x)^2 - (cos x)^2]

=> 9[ (((cos x)^2 + (sin x)^2)/cos x)^2 - (cos x)^2]

=> 9[ ((cos x)^2/(cos x)^2 + (sin x)^2/cos x)^2 - (cos x)^2]

=> 9[ 1 + (tan x)^2 - (cos x)^2]

=> 9[ (tan x)^2 + (sin x)^2]

This proves : (3 sec x+3 cos x)(3 sec x - 3 cos x) = 9[(tan x)^2 + (sin x)^2]

giorgiana1976's profile pic

giorgiana1976 | College Teacher | (Level 3) Valedictorian

Posted on

We'll manipulate the left side of the equation:

(3secx+3cosx)(3secx-3cosx) = 9(sec x)^2 - 9(cos x)^2 (difference of squares)

But sec x = 1/cos x

We'll raise to square both sides:

(sec x)^2 = 1/(cos x)^2

But 1/(cos x)^2 = 1 + (tan x)^2

9(sec x)^2 - 9(cos x)^2 = 9[1 + (tan x)^2] - 9(cos x)^2

We'll remove the brackets and we'll get:

9 + 9(tan x)^2 - 9(cos x)^2

We'll group the first and the last term:

9(tan x)^2+ 9[1 - (cos x)^2 ]

But 1 - (cos x)^2 = (sin x)^2 (Pythagorean identity)

9(tan x)^2+ 9[1 - (cos x)^2 ] = 9(tan x)^2+ 9(sin x)^2

We notice that we've started from the left side and we'll get the expression from the right side.

(3secx+3cosx)(3secx-3cosx)=9(tan x)^2+ 9(sin x)^2 = 9[(tan x)^2+ (sin x)^2]

We’ve answered 318,993 questions. We can answer yours, too.

Ask a question