In a literary narrative, is the protagonist a static or dynamic character and why?

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lhc | Middle School Teacher | (Level 3) Educator

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In the literary world, a protagonist is the lead character, and usually undergoes some sort of paradigm shifting journey during the course of the story, leading him or her to be a dynamic, or changing character.  Coming of age stories normally have a main character whose youthful naivete is challenged, leading the character to grow and mature in some way.  For example, in Mildred Taylor's Roll of Thunder, Hear My Cry, Cassie Logan is the eleven year old protagonist who is forced to confront some harsh truths about being an African-American in Mississippi in 1933.  She is a much different person at the end of the novel than she is at the beginning.  Similarly, Jem and Scout undergo a coming of age journey as their hearts are broken by the trial of a local black man, and they are the target of a drunk's attempt to kill them, making them the protagonists of Harper Lee's novel To Kill Mockingbird.

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