What are the pros and cons associated with tourism?
an obvious pro is the financial side, but tourists also create a lot of damage to natural places such as national parks. Why do we have National parks? is it worth it considering all the damage still applied to it? What is the purpose of national parks then?
National parks don't exist strictly to attract tourists. In the US, national parks are a place to preserve the beauty and natural landscape of our country. They are also often animal preserves. As humans grow in population and spread out into the once uninhabited regions, animals are forced to live in smaller and smaller habitats. We attempt to preserve these habitats and other natural wildlife with national parks. Tourists are allows to visit portions of these parks because it helps people learn, understand, and appreciate the environment. Yes, sometimes these tourist cause problems, but they also help to support and fund the national parks. The parks exist to help the environment and the tourists support the parks.
National parks offer an important opportunity for people to reconnect with the natural world. As such, they offer respite from a hectic lifestyle, escape from technological entrapment, a challenge to try new activities and grow in appreciation of ones abilities to conquer new endeavors, opportunities to experience and appreciate sights and smells and sounds that could be lost to the world without the protection offered by the park system...Like the commercial says, I can be a tourist with my MasterCard, but this list of items is "priceless"!
I live in a relatively small suburb, but we boast a very large amusement park and one of the biggest malls in the state. One huge benefit of the tourism is that my taxes are lower, but one huge disadvantage is the number of "extra people" around. I understand that this is two sides of the same coin, but the extra people bring with them more crime, more traffic and traffic accidents, and more demands on local services, like police and ambulance
As a native of Florida, I have watched our wonderful state reduced to America's great tourist wonderland. The lure of Disney World clogs the highways and Interstates, driving up prices on everything from hotels to gas and groceries. The beautiful beaches of Florida's east coast are blotted by towering condos for the snowbirds who only wish to spend the winter months in the Sunshine State. Many areas are avoided by residents during various seasonal events (Biketoberfest in Daytona, for example) because of the dangers presented by the traffic, drunkenness and lawlessness that many of the tourists exhibit (Disney notwithstanding). Mom and pop motels, restaurants and businesses have been replaced by corporate chain operations that mostly appeal to the tourists--and not the residents. Only memories are left of what was once the most desirable place to live in the U. S. There are plusses, of course. Florida's economy has thrived for decades, and tourist dollars prevent us from initiating a state income tax. But Florida's aesthetic beauty has been forever compromised as a result.
When people visit national parks, they are more likely to develop an appreciation for them. Without having visited the park, the park is just a concept and they will not want to spend tax dollars on restoration, for example. Visiting even one park makes you more willing to save the others.
A major pro of tourism is that it can bring economic development of sorts to the tourist destination. Many destinations don't have a lot going for them, economically speaking, and really get a boost from the tourists coming and spending money. But outside of that, there really aren't that many pros for the destination.
Actually, funding for National Parks and National Forests is pretty minimal, considering the mission - no money "pours in", ever (I've worked for one). We have them because of legislation like the Weeks Act of 1911, whose pragmatic purpose was to preserve watersheds and prevent flooding. Tourism came later.
These areas are the only practical way to preserve entire functioning ecosystems intact; we are only just learning the benefits of that. Did you know that several significant bacterial species have been discovered in the hot springs at Yellowstone, for instance?
Allowing tourists to visit offers people the chance to experience nature in its true glory. In a society that is increasingly detached from the natural world, this is a major thing. People need to feel a sense of ownership in order to feel a sense of responsibility. They need to feel a sense of responsibility in order to play their part in creating a sustainable society. If we don't create a sustainable society, our species is probably going to go extinct.
National parks give people a chance to appreciate the beauty of America that existed before so much of the country was overrun with people and "civilized." National parks not only help us appreciate the parks themselves but also the still-unspoiled and unprotected areas of the country that have not been turned into actual parks. By drawing so many tourists, the parks are themselves in some danger of being "spoiled," but all the parks I've visited have given me a wonderful sense of the beauty of our country and of the need to protect as much of that beauty as is still left.
Most of the Parks are still well preserved, but thats bacause of all the funding and resources poured in to run it properly. But it is nice to see the natural country.
apart from damage to national parks, what other effects to tourists have?
Theres litter, pollution, land development for hotels and many tourists disrespect the standards of dress that are culturally acceptable. There are many cons... what about the pros?