At a prominent state hospital, a 45-year old woman is receiving a "combined modality" treatment for the initial stage of breast cancer.
At a prominent state hospital, a 45-year old woman is receiving a "combined modality" treatment for the initial stage of breast cancer. State the two aspects included in this treatment, state the methods by which a radiation oncologist can administer these therapies, and state four major differences between the two modes of treatment.
Stage 1 breast cancer is usually treated with a lumpectomy and possibly, some radiation. It depends on the development of the lump and the degree of malignancy or benigness. Cancers involving HER2+ cells undergo a regimen called Trastuzumab, which binds to HER2+ receptor sites and prevents uncontrolled breast cell division. Stage 1 cancer treatment has a high degree of treatment success. 90 percent of all cases are in women, 10 percent in men. The success rate is higher with women because women are more aware about breast cancer and schedule regular mammograms with their physicians. Stage 4 breast cancer has the poorest prognosis, due to the advanced stage of the cancer and its invasion of other body tissues, such as lymph nodes. Cancer in general is uncontrolled cell division in different parts of the body, leading to an imbalance in homeostasis, the process that regulates good interaction and support among the body systems.