The New Deal and the Great Society were two sets of programs, enacted roughly 30 years apart, that were both meant to make the government more responsible for helping people avoid poverty. The New Deal was created by Pres. Franklin D. Roosevelt in the early 1930s. It was a response to the Great Depression that started in 1929. The Great Society was a set of programs that were pushed by Pres. Lyndon B. Johnson in the mid-1960s. They were meant to end poverty that had persisted even as the overall US economy had boomed in the years after WWII.