In Pride and Prejudice by Jane Austen, how does Pemberley represent Mr. Darcy?

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As Mr. and Mrs. Gardiner and Elizabeth arrive at Pemberley, Elizabeth is delighted and thinks that:

She had never seen a place for which nature had done more, or where natural beauty had been so little counteracted by an awkward taste. They were all of them warm in their admiration;...

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As Mr. and Mrs. Gardiner and Elizabeth arrive at Pemberley, Elizabeth is delighted and thinks that:

She had never seen a place for which nature had done more, or where natural beauty had been so little counteracted by an awkward taste. They were all of them warm in their admiration; and at that moment she felt that to be mistress of Pemberley might be something!

All throughout her tour of Pemberley, Elizabeth is pleased with the order and harmony she witnesses. The hall, which the housekeeper shows them around, is gracious, tasteful, and "elegant," a word of high praise in Austen, as are the grounds. The landscape is as natural as possible.

Pemberley becomes a metonymy for Mr. Darcy, which is when an object or thing communicates the attributes of a person. Because Mr. Darcy is in charge of Pemberley—he is lord of the estate—the estate reflects his character. What it reveals, to Elizabeth's eyes, is Mr. Darcy's wealth, taste, lack of pretense, order, competence at running his home, and harmony. When Mrs. Reynolds, the housekeeper, tells her how much the servants respect Mr. Darcy, who treats them well, this also reflects on his character as a good man.

If Elizabeth has been lukewarm about Darcy up until this point, seeing the environment Darcy has created at Pemberley softens her towards him and raises him in her esteem. For the first time, as the quote above suggests, marrying Darcy starts to become appealing to her, although at this point the idea seems unlikely as Elizabeth does not expect to ever see him again.

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Pemberley, Mr. Darcy's estate, is deeply symbolic in Pride and Prejudice and greatly resembles its owner in many important respects. It has a very strong foundation and occupies the high ground; it is surrounded by beauty, as indeed Darcy himself often is at the numerous soirees and society gatherings he attends. Yet the wondrous joys of nature surrounding Pemberley merely serve to highlight the fact that the old house, though handsome, is still not quite at home in its immediate surroundings. Once again, the analogy to Darcy is hard to overlook.

Even so, the beauty of Pemberley's surroundings begin to take on a different appearance as Lizzy starts to develop warm feelings toward Darcy. When she pays a visit to the place, Lizzy is entranced by the stately home and its sumptuous grounds. She keenly observes that the stream flowing in front of the house is "of some natural importance . . . swelled into greater, but without any artificial appearance." This sounds just like Darcy himself. He's a man whose whole demeanor conveys the impression of an innate gravity and sense of importance but can also take on the appearance of something greater, swelled by his pride and arrogance. Yet at the same time, just like the stream itself, Lizzy has come to realize that there's nothing artificial about Mr. Darcy.

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Supposing that "represent" in this context means something different from "symbolize," using the definition of "represent" that is "to stand as an equivalent of; correspond to" (Collins Dictionary), let's explore what is known of Pemberley to determine how Pemberley might represent Darcy.

It is known from Elizabeth's visit to Pemberley that it is a great, imposing house and estate of woods that all the associated townspeople are respectful of, speaking well of its history and beauty, as Elizabeth comes to speak, as well:

Elizabeth saw, with admiration of his taste, that it was neither gaudy nor uselessly fine; with less of splendour, and more real elegance.

We know too that the "natural stream" in front of Pemberley House was improved and made greater than its natural "importance" but that this was done with elegance and taste, "without any artificial appearance." We know too that the stream is noted for its fishing as well as for its accommodation to the woodland walker, such as Elizabeth: "a beautiful walk by the side of the water, and every step was bringing forward a nobler fall of ground."

We know from Elizabeth's reactions, as told by the narrator, that every room of Pemberley House had a new vista out onto the great wooded park of the estate. We know too that the park, besides being vast, is varied in its aspect: it has a low point, an ascent of a hill to a "prominence," a small valley, and "high woody hills." We know too that the House is "a large, handsome stone building, standing well on rising ground."

Now the question is, does this, and how does this, represent Mr. Darcy? It appears that Pemberley House is representative of Darcy. Like the house, Darcy is handsome with a strong foundation and morally he stands on metaphorical high ground. Like the park, he has a varied personality and inner character that is difficult to know in just one situation. just one set of circumstances. For instance, at Longbourne, it was not possible for Elizabeth to know that "not one of his tenants or servants but will give him a good name," yet this is true. Elizabeth needed a new "window" from which to look out, from which to see a new perspective.

Also like Pemberley, Darcy is elegant and accommodating to varied interests. While the rooms are elegantly furnished and the grounds are excellent for both fishing and walking, Mr. Darcy is an excellent, brother, landlord, employer and benevolent philanthropist. The conclusion to this exploration is that Pemberley represents Darcy by having the same solid character and generous accommodation that he has. What can be said of Pemberley House and Woods, can be said metaphorically of Darcy. Just as the House has spacious elegant rooms, Darcy has a spacious and elegant spirit that is as strong as the high "ridge" that backs Pemberley House (though Darcy learns to yield some of his rigidity in time).

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