Hyperthyroidism is another metabolic issue that might arise during pregnancy. It’s usually caused by a disease that causes the body’s immune system to work against itself by making antibodies that attack healthy cells and tissues. This disease--Graves’ Disease causes the body to make antibody called thyroid stimulating immunoglobulin, sometimes called TSH receptor antibody, which mimics TSH and causes the thyroid to make too much thyroid hormone.
What can be some metabolic problems of women in their pregnancies?
There are many problems a women can have in her pregnancy. I will mention two of them: Gestational Diabetes-a condition in which the woman is unable to handle sugars while she is expecting. It can be treated in much the same way as Adult Onset Diabetes is treated and usually goes away as soon as the baby is born. Toxemia-a condition that can be potentially fatal to either the mother or the unborn child if left untreated. It responds well to an increase of protein intake by the mother and goes away as soon as the baby is born.
Some symptoms of hyperthyroidism are common features in normal pregnancies, including increased heart rate, heat intolerance, and fatigue. Other symptoms are more indicative of hyperthyroidism: rapid and irregular heartbeat, a fine tremor, unexplained weight loss or failure to have normal pregnancy weight gain, and the severe nausea and vomiting associated with hyperemesis gravidarum.
Researchers have associated pregnancy with the development,in the future, of the metabolic syndrome (excessive fat accumulation in the abdominal area, increased levels of triglycerides, insulin resistance and other factors which may cause cardiovascular disease),the risk being more than doubled for women suffering from gestational diabetes.
The incidence of metabolic syndrome is 33% higher among women who have had one child, compared with those who have never born, respectively 62% higher among those who have given birth several times.