What is the following statement saying about leftist economic beliefs?
The political left was built on a view of human life that was partly true, but not wholly true. People, the left argued, are not inherently unequal or inherently bad, but society can make them so.
By changing society, the left believed, you could remove the chains that oppress and distort people's lives. By redistributing income, you could create fairness. By improving the conditions of life, you could improve people. Crime, violence, greed, human misery- these were by products of an exploitive society. Humanize society and you humanize life.
Which of the following generalizations reflects the characteristics attributed to the "political left" described in the commentry?
A. The left encourages individuals to take greater responsibility of their actions.
B. The left believes that people's lives have been overwhelmed by the intrusiveness of the government.
C. The left advocates government involvement in people's lives to minimize social and economic disparity.
D. The left supports cautious changes to existing political traditions and institutions of government.
The term "left" in politics can mean anything from people who (in US terms) are moderate Democrats to people who are communists. Therefore, the left has many different parts. One thing that does unite most of the left is the idea that the government should help to improve society because society, on its own, will end up setting up institutions and systems that hurt the people. You can see this idea in the statement you have given us. The statement lists all these ways in which the government is supposed to step in so as to improve society and improve people's lives.
So, which of the four statements reflects this? It is clearly C. B is clearly not right because the left advocates more government intervention. A is clearly not right because government intervention reduces individual responsibility. D could be true, but redistributing income and changing society to make up for human nature does not sound very "cautious," does it? For these reasons, C is the best answer.