I need help composing a speech on the effect of political dynasties on Philippine politics. I've included a draft below with some of my ideas. Can you suggest some corrections to it?My speech is on my political science subject.Can you suggest 2 questions with answers about that? Its a speech, and I have some Q&A debate about that topic. I'm on the affirmative side. ::: Political dynasty affects so much in the governance of our country it may falls on the second, third and so on civil degree of consanguinity or affinity that refers to the relatives of a person who nay be latters brother or sister, whether of full or half blood, direct ascendant or direct descendants, whether legitimate, illegitimate or adopted, including their spouses.The political dynasty plays an influential role in Philippine society. Families of political dynasties are sitting side by side to deliberate on important legislations that will affect the future of more than 80 million Filipinos both young and old for another generations to come. It has been often contented that political dynasties go against the values upheld by democracy since it does not provide an equal opportunity for people to hold offices of power and service. With the set up of the political dynasty either in second civil degree of consanguinity or affinity which refers to the relatives of a person who may be latter's brother or sister, whether of full or half-blood, direct ascendant or direct descendant, whether legitimate or illegitimate or adopted, including their spouses, it seems as if positions of power are exclusively dominated by a particular clan or family as well as within the second civil degree of consanguinity or affinity. Arguably, the political dynasty is said to monopolize the system of governance in the Philippines since it limits the chances of other Filipino to serve the people. It creates a brain drain in the sense that the new and capable reader who could possible perform better than those who are already in the position, would not be given an opportunity when running against someone with a name already or their spouses and which belongs to the second civil degree of consanguinity or affinity. As what i've heard from the news before who asked Jesse Robredo of Naga City who passed away already because of a certain accident his say about the political dynasty I quote &quota; The right to serve does not belong to one family alone. Ordinary people who deserve to be empowered should be given the opportunity to serve the community.&quota; For me it is undeniable that there are candidates who are voted into a certain position simply because of their name and fame. Brother, sister, grandparent, grandchild which belongs to the consanguinity parent in law and daughter and son-in-law to affinity of the politician people who have no knowledge whatsoever of how to lead and serve are voted into office simply because their connection to previous leaders. Electoral votes are not so much based on the capability of one to serve but rather on the name carried by one who is running. It is quite obvious that the family name of an elected official or a potential candidate it may fall on second, third, fourth and so one degree of consanguinity or affinity plays a big role in the success of one who falls under the category of being a part of a political consanguinity or affinity. It can be said that power can be seen not only in exercise of excess but also in tangible thing such as candidates family name. This symbolic power could be seen a perpetual power of the power system that runs through a political dynasty since it plays in a dynasty's continued existence and evolution. Therefore all in all in my opinion it is difficult to make a generalization whether the political dynasty is in fact good or bad since this would differ on a case-to-case basis. It can be detrimental to the Philippine society on some instances, yet beneficial on other cases. There are both good political dynasties and bad ones. Each political dynasty has its own strength and weaknesses and it is the duty of the people to be judge. The political dynasty, like any other system of leadership is prove to error. After all, no system of government is truly perfect problems will always arise. What we are needed are the unified efforts of each and every individual to continually strive in building the nation into a better place.

Expert Answers

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Political dynasties have two components, the first having to do with elected offices and the second the power of appointment of relatives to non-elective positions. Thus another aspect of what you describe as political dynasties is "nepotism", the practice of appointing relatives to positions of political or corporate power.

Although it is possible that one family may produce many individuals who have both and aptitude and desire to engage in public service, in general, such dynastic systems lead to a far weaker talent pool than more open ones. Even worse, they can often lead to cronyism and oligarchy, with members of prominent families awarding valuable government contracts to relatives and no check on kleptocracy, or stealing from the public purse. Studies have shown that political dynasties typically lead to higher levels of both poverty and corruption than systems not dominated by dynasties.

Politics in the Philippines have been dominated by political dynasties, including those of the Ampatuan, Aquino, Roxas, Estrada, and Marcos families, since independence. Although the Constitution imposes term limits on individual politicians, it does not currently prohibit political dynasties.

Senator Miriam Defensor Santiago introduced Senate Bill 2649 in 2011 to restrict the power of political dynasties and similar bills were placed before the House of Representatives in 2013. In your speech, you should cover ongoing legislative efforts to restrict the power of dynasties.

As you work on your speech, you should organize it into the following sections:

1. Central claim: whether you support or oppose the movement to limit the power of political dynasties

2. Definition of a political dynasty

3. Evidence that political dynasties have dominated the Philippines

4. General evidence concerning whether such dynasties have positive or negative effects

5. Specific examples of positive or negative effects.

6. Conclusion showing that the evidence supports your position.



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