If Multi-Ethnic literature is meant to give voice to people previously without voice, why does it still have the stereotypes about voiceless groups? Give reference to Edwidge Danticat and Felix Morisseau-Leroy's poem "Boat People": Boat PeopleWe are all in a drowning boatHappened before at St. DomingueWe are the ones called boat peopleWe all died long agoWhat else can frighten us ?Let them call us boat peopleWe fight a long time with povertyOn our islands, the sea, everywhereWe never say we are not boat peopleIn Africa they chased us with dogsChained our feet, piled us onWho then called us boat people?Half the cargo perishedThe rest sold at Bossal MarketIt’s them who call us boat peopleWe stamp our feet down, the earth shakesUp to Louisiana, down to VenezuelaWho would come and call us boat people?A bad season in our countryThe hungry dog eats thornsThey didn’t call us boat people yetWe looked for jobs and freedomAnd they piled us on again: Cargo—Direct to MiamiThey start to call us boat people [...] http://www.pen.org/viewmedia.php/prmMID/3499/prmID/1831

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In "Boat People," written by Felix Morisseau-Leroy and read aloud by Edwidge Danticat at the PEN World Voices Festival of International Literature in 2009, the stereotypes are included in the poem as a protest against their existence:

One day we’ll stand up, put down our feet As we did at...

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In "Boat People," written by Felix Morisseau-Leroy and read aloud by Edwidge Danticat at the PEN World Voices Festival of International Literature in 2009, the stereotypes are included in the poem as a protest against their existence:

One day we’ll stand up, put down our feet
As we did at St. Domingue
They’ll know who these boat people really are
[...]
They will know us
We who simply call ourselves
People

Part of the theory behind exposing stereotypes is that in so exposing them, they are disarmed and rendered valueless and harmless. Exposing stereotypes in multi-ethnic literature, intended to give voice to the previously voiceless, opens the doors for redefining rigid notions of race and pays homage to struggles of pride and the quest for racial identity. The ultimate objective is to overcome the imposed role of being outcast and develop a place of triumphant belonging.

Some may argue that this approach may be counterproductive as the stereotypes become more deeply visualized and--perhaps inadvertently--embraced by the "oppressor" class. The counter to this argument might be that even if this effect of deepening that for which riddance is sought truly occurs, there is such pain and anger that such must be expressed by sterile realism, and the stereotypes are an unequivocal part of that realism.

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