In the poem "Wild Geese" by Mary Oliver, what are three literary devices used, and how do they enhance the meaning of the poem?
The literary/poetic device that opens "Wild Geese" is a figure of speech word scheme called anaphora. This is the repetition of a word group at the beginning of successive sentences. Specifically, Oliver opens with "You do not..." and repeats the word group in the next sentence/poetic line, "You do not...." In addition, Oliver adds a modified anaphora with the repetition of "You ..." in the forth line.
The second instance of anaphora is in the repetition of "Meanwhile the ...." Repetition draws attention to the point being made and adds potency (i.e., power) to the concept. Note that in each instance of anaphora one or more lines interrupt the second and third repetitions:
You do not have to be good.
You do not have to walk on your knees
for a hundred miles through the desert repenting.
You only have to let the soft animal of your body
Meanwhile the world goes on.
Meanwhile the sun and the clear pebbles of the rain
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