In the poem 'where the mind is without fear' What is 'reason' compared to? And are our actions governed by 'reason' or by 'dead habit'

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In the poem 'Where The Mind Is Without Fear' by Rabindranath Tagore, the poet considers tjhe concepts of truth, reason,knowledge,language and aspiration :

'Where the mind is without fear and the head is held high 
Where knowledge is free 
Where the world has not been broken up into fragments 
By narrow domestic walls 
Where words come out from the depth of truth 
Where tireless striving stretches its arms towards perfection ...'

and reason is compared to a desert of dead habit. The poet is hoping that a free and unfettered mind, not constrained or repressed by duress or moves against free speech will lead to a society that is not governed by slavish unquestioning adherence to dead habits such as prejudice, bigotry and hatred. In some religions everyday thoughts and actions may be spurred by arid irrelevant traditions which cause believers to hate other people and perhaps even wage war upon them just for being different. The poet hopes that a new open and free way of thinking will lead his country to a knowledge and love of a fair God.