In the poem "The Cat and the Moon" by Yeats there are similarities (the phases as the cat's eyes change shape and the moon changes shape) and oppositions (black and white, distance) between the cat...

In the poem "The Cat and the Moon" by Yeats there are similarities (the phases as the cat's eyes change shape and the moon changes shape) and oppositions (black and white, distance) between the cat and the moon.

Going with Yeats's obsession with Maud, comparing himself with the cat and Maud the moon, my question is:

How do these oppositions affect our understanding of, and identification with the opinions and emotions of the poems?

In other words, how do we mimic in our intellectual and emotional response to the poem the contradictions and oppositions they contain?

Expert Answers
thanatassa eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The poem "The Cat and The Moon" was originally written by Yeats as part of a play, first produced in 1917. The first two quatrains of the poem open the play, the second two quatrains appear a short while later, and the final three quatrains end the play. The play is not about a romance at all, but about two beggars, one blind and one lame, who have been travelling together for forty years, depending on each others' skills and abilities. They arrive at the well of Saint Colman who offers them the choice: "Will you be cured or will you be blessed?" The blind man chooses the cure and the lame man the blessing. The blind man leaves on his own at the end of the play but the Saint accompanies the lame man, who even blesses the road by dancing despite not having been "cured." Interpreting the poem as about Yeat's romance with Maud Gonne does seem to take it out of context, although readers unfamiliar with the play frequently do so.

The key oppositions in the poem are between the celestial and the terrestrial worlds, with the cat being a link between the two. The black cat is the color of the new moon. The moon itself does not radiate light, but only reflects the sun's light, changing brightness as it changes phases. The cat too is only seen when illuminated by the external light sources such as the sun. Not only are the cat and the moon similar in that they are only visible to humans in so far as they are illuminated by external sources, but also, the cat's pupils change phases from round to crescent like the moon. 

Yeats' poem reflects his own complex synthesis of mysticism, philosophy, astrology and occultism. Within this system (which is not entirely coherent), the black cat would have a unique and intimate connection with the moon. Rather than think of the cat as Yeats and the moon as Gonne, the key opposition is the light of Yeats' poetry and language and reason themselves which are a masculine principles revealing and illuminating the cat and moon, who are celestial and terrestrial aspects of a type of spiritual principle or wisdom. 

Another key area you might want to explore is the relationship between inner and outer sight. While the blind man can see the sky and grass and color of the sheepskin jacket the lame man stole, he cannot see the Saint, who can only be seen by the lame man who chose to be blessed. 

The cat Minnaloushe can see the true nature of the sacred moon with his ever changing eyes, and he is also described as "wise". This notion of an inner or sacred vision that sees the true nature also appears in several of Yeats' explicit love poems such as "When You Are Old" which discusses how while others only saw external beauty, the narrator saw into the beloved's true inner beauty. Here both cat and moon serve as emblems of that hidden inner beauty only revealed by the illumination of true love or spiritual wisdom.