George Orwell's Animal Farm deals with a group of animals that overthrow the human caretakers of the Manor Farm. This revolution was prompted by ideals expounded by a certain pig named Major. After Major's death, two pigs named Snowball and Napoleon emerged as leaders of the animals and promulgators of the philosophy (Animalism) whose foundational principles Major had established.
As the novel progresses, the pig-led animals overthrow their human masters, but as time goes on the initial ideals that had prompted the revolution become distorted and eventually the pigs become more and more like the human beings they had overthrown. By the end of the novel, the pigs are walking on two legs and engaging in conversation and negotiation with human beings inside of a human house as the other farm animals looked on.
The creatures outside looked from pig to man, and from man to pig, and from pig to man again; but already it was impossible to say which was which.
Orwell's novel, published in 1945, is an allegory of Marxist ideals and the Russian revolution in the early part of the twentieth century. Looking back at the whole of the novel, we can see Orwell suggesting/predicting that the Russians, like the pigs in his novel, would eventually distort and fall away from the revolution's original principles.
theme of the animal farm is failed revolution.
the novel is about the revolution of animals against human beings. The idea of revolution is given by an old pig. the revolution is organized by two pigs named as snowball and napolean. snowball give seven commandments:
four legs are friend.
two legs are enemies
no animal shall drink alcohol
no animal shall sleep on bed
no animal wear dresses
no animal harm other animal
all animals are equal
later napolean kick out snowball becoz he want to rule alone. and he changed all these seven commanndments.
before revolution animal were in not good conditions due to animals but after revolution animals were made worst conditions due to their pig leaders.