The New World was conquered primarily by five different European Nations; France, England, Spain, Russia and the Netherlands.
France established its first permanent colony in Canada along the St. Lawrence River. Along with several trading posts and forts along the Canadian frontier, the French also traveled along the Mississippi to modern day Louisiana.
Spain arrived in the Caribbean in 1492 and quickly established colonies throughout the island. In the early 1500’s they moved into both Mexico and Latin America, conquering the stories Aztec and Incan Empires. They eventually made it as far north and Texas, Arkansas and California’s coast.
England arrived in the New World in 1609 after establishing Jamestown in Virginia. English colonies eventually stretched from Maine to Georgia and as far inland as the Appalachian Mountains.
Russia came across the Bering Strait and eventually made it as far south as California, although their primary colonies were along the Alaskan Coast.
Finally there was the Netherlands, who established a trading post on Manhattan Island and along the Hudson in New York. They lost their colonies early when the English took them over.
If you use this response in your own work, it must be cited as an expert answer from eNotes. All expert answers on eNotes are indexed by Google and other search engines. Your teacher will easily be able to find this answer if you claim it as your own.