What are the factors that cause supermarkets to disinvest in lower-income communities, and what are the repercussions to limited fresh, healthy food?
I read an article titled FOOD FOR EVERY CHILD. I need help answering the questions about the article. http://www.thefoodtrust.org/pdf/FoodForEveryChild--Houston.pdf
Some of the factors that cause supermarkets to disinvest in lower-income communities is:
1) Families cannot afford a car to travel to the store and sometimes there isn't mass transit service either so sales have fallen. 2) Families can't afford the high-end retail products some supermarkets offer so it's not economical for the store to operate in those areas. 3) Lower income areas seem to have a higher rate of crime which discourages supermarket chains from wanting to locate there.
Some of the repercussions of not having sufficient supermarkets and fresh/healthy food stores are:
1) Diet-related diseases is on the rise. 2) Obesity has risen in areas where supermarkets are scarce. 3) There is a higher rate of deaths due to malnutrition.
It is generally believed that if the City of Houston, along with the State of Texas, would take a stand and encourage the building of supermarkets in low-income areas, the health of Houston residents would improve drastically.