Please provide brief summary of Karl Marx,the Industrial Revolution, the Panama Canal, Isaac Newton, Corn laws, Simon Bolivar, enlightened despotism and Leonardo da Vinci. Also considered how...

Please provide brief summary of Karl Marx,the Industrial Revolution, the Panama Canal, Isaac Newton, Corn laws, Simon Bolivar, enlightened despotism and Leonardo da Vinci. Also considered how something affected or reflected society.

Asked on by chernor

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pohnpei397 | College Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

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On this site, we cannot provide answers to so many different and unrelated questions within one post.  Therefore, I will discuss three of the people/terms that you have asked about.  These are the Industrial Revolution, the Corn Laws, and Karl Marx.  I will discuss these because they are all connected to some degree.

The Industrial Revolution was the time in world history when European countries began to industrialize.  What this means is that steam power came to replace human, animal, or wind/water power as the main driver of machinery.  It also means that more and more machines came to be used in producing goods.  The Industrial Revolution is generally said to have occurred in the time from about 1760 to about 1830.  It was one of the most important times in world history because it radically changed the way that people worked and because it caused standards of living to (eventually) improve.

Because the Industrial Revolution changed the way people worked, it made many people very angry.  Before the revolution, most people worked for themselves or for people with whom they had close relationships.  They were in charge of their own work.  With the revolution, this changed.  Now people were working in big factories, making relatively little money.  They were working for bosses whom they did not know and who made much more money than they did.  Karl Marx was one of the main thinkers who thought that this system was unfair and even immoral.  Marx, who lived from 1818 to 1883, believed that the workers should get more of the money that their labor produced.  He believed that we should (and inevitably would) have a communist system in which everyone shared equally in the wealth created by economic activity.  Thus, Marx’s ideas were a reaction to the Industrial Revolution.

The Corn Laws were enacted in England and were in effect from 1815 until 1846.  These laws prohibited the import of wheat (called corn in England).  The masses of workers in the newly industrialized cities hated these laws because they made wheat (and therefore bread) more expensive.  The Corn Laws caused British workers to become politically active, which eventually led to their repeal.

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