Please provide a summary of Summa Theologica in parts 1 and 2, questions 1–5.

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The first five questions of Thomas Aquinas’s Summa Theologica, First Part of the Second Part, are the following:

  • What is man's ultimate goal?
  • What are the things in which man's happiness consists?
  • What is happiness?
  • What is necessary for happiness?
  • What can be said of the achievement of happiness?

As Aquinas answers these questions, he breaks each of them into eight articles:

  • What is man's ultimate goal?
    • Is it proper to man to act for a goal?
    • Is it proper only to man’s rational nature?
    • Are man’s actions determined by his goal?
    • Does human life have an ultimate goal?
    • Can one man have several ultimate goals?
    • Is everything that man wills willed to the ultimate goal?
    • Do all people have the same ultimate goal?
    • Do all other created beings share with man in this ultimate goal?
  • What are the things in which man's happiness consists?
    • Does happiness consist in riches?
    • Does it consist in honor?
    • Does it consist in fame and glory?
    • Does it consist in power?
    • Does it consist in any good that pertains to the body?
    • Does it consist in pleasure?
    • Does it consist in any good that pertains to the soul?
    • Does it consist in any created good?
  • What is happiness?
    • Is happiness something which was not created?
    • Is it an action?
    • Is it an action of the senses or only of the intellect?
    • Is it an action of the intellect or of the will?
    • Is it an action of the speculative or of the practical intellect?
    • Does it consist in the consideration of speculative matters?
    • Does it consist in the knowledge of separate substances, namely angels?
    • Does it consist in the contemplation of God’s essence?

  • 4. What is necessary for happiness?
    • Is pleasure necessary for happiness?
    • In happiness, does vision precede pleasure?
    • Is understanding necessary for happiness?
    • Is rightness of the will necessary for happiness?
    • Is the body necessary for happiness?
    • Is perfection of the body necessary for happiness?
    • Are any exterior goods necessary for happiness?
    • Is friendship necessary for happiness?

  • What can be said of the achievement of happiness?
    • Can man achieve happiness?
    • Can one man be happier than another?
    • Can any man be happy in this life?
    • Can happiness be lost, once it has been achieved?
    • Can man achieve happiness with his natural abilities?
    • Does man achieve happiness through the action of some creature of a higher order?
    • Are good actions necessary for a man to find happiness in God?
    • Do all people desire happiness?
Approved by eNotes Editorial Team

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