"The Thousand-and-Second Tale of Scheherazade" is a work of short fiction Edgar Allan Poe (1809–1849). It originally appeared in the February 1845 issue of the periodical Godey's Lady's Book.
The story is a sequel, as it were, to the One Thousand and One Nights (sometimes called the Arabian Nights), a collection of Middle Eastern folk tales. The collection is framed as a set of stories told by Scheherazade, who tells tales to keep Shahryār entertained and avoid being executed.
Poe's story describes an eighth voyage of Sinbad the Sailor, a medieval Arabic character who features prominently in the Arabian Nights, having many dramatic adventures in exotic locations. Like many of the other stories in the original text, Poe's includes fantastic and mythological elements but many of the strange and exotic elements to the tale such as hot air balloons are actually nineteenth-century technology. The King considers the tale so absurd that he finally kills Scheherazade.
Poe's story has two serious points. The first is that the murderous King will act according to his nature eventually and that the cleverness of Scheherazade will not protect her. The second point is that what is considered fantastic may simply be what is unfamiliar.